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Visual Help

張貼者:2010年10月18日 下午8:42未知的使用者   [ eddie liu 已於 2011年5月17日 下午9:03 更新 ]
視覺幫助是最先進的水文模擬環境中使用堆填區的設計,預測和評估潛在的滲濾液 mounding滲濾液滲漏到地下水的水位。 視覺幫助是基於 Windows的解決方案設計和評估模型模擬結果。











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開發商:Schlumberger.
原廠網址:http://www.swstechnology.com/groundwater-software/unsaturated-zone-modeling/visual-help
更新日期:2011/05/18
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主要特點

關於幫助模型

HELP計劃是由美國陸軍工程師水道試驗站(WES)的,維克斯堡,MS的美國環境保護局(EPA),風險降低工程實驗室。 其主要目的是協助該模型在垃圾填埋場設計方案的比較作為判斷他們的水平衡。

易於使用
熟悉的設計和功能的界面使得它非常容易學習,有利於迅速模型開發使用任何可用的模型。
新建項目嚮導
創建模型是非常容易的一步一步的嚮導來指導您完成整個過程。
項目管理
該項目為基礎的數據管理系統,解放了用戶從大量的文件處理為單獨的項目。
可定制的單位
選擇預先定義的單位模板或模板創建你自己的單位為所有模型參數。
輸入數據
項目樹允許你快速查看和修改配置文件的數據結構模型為每個配置文件,或輕鬆地複製模型數據文件執行多個模擬的敏感性分析。
模特兒個人簡介查看
配置文件查看提供了一個圖形顯示的幾何形狀,尺寸,層次結構和地層剖面的模型。
數據庫鏈接
可定制的數據庫土壤參數是聯繫在一起的各種形式的輸入自動進入選定的屬性值。
SWS的天氣發生器
內置的SWS的天氣發生器產生長達 100年的統計數據,使用可靠的天氣作為輸入。
無縫集成
創建模型輪廓(S)和運行模擬(S)和可視化的結果,並創建報告的文件;都在同一個圖形化建模環境。
提交結果
視覺幫助配備了強大的圖形組件的可視化的仿真結果以圖形或表格的格式。
自動報告生成
創建豐富的文本文件輸入數據與匯總,輪廓圖形,顯示的結果。
合作
視覺幫助支持團隊合作環境,使項目文件可以運行在一個網絡系統。
數據共享
出口充電數據(入滲率)從 Visual有助於利用狀況數據作為補給邊界飽和區地下水模型MODFLOW的可視化等。
教程
視覺幫助帶有兩個分步教程涵蓋建模的一個例子,一個例子填埋場水文估算地下水補給的地盤。

視覺幫助界面


該界面分為三個獨立的意見,項目數據樹,配置文件視圖和輸出視圖。 當您打開或創建一個項目,你將能夠無縫地切換這些意見,以建立或修改填埋場的設計和模型的輸入參數,運行模擬,並顯示結果。

該項目樹查看

顯示 Visual幫助項目你工作的,每個模型的名稱配置文件,每一層在活動輪廓模型。 

作為一個項目經理,讓您輕鬆地創建和管理多個剖面模型在相同的Visual幫助項目。 所有型號型材項目都保存在同一個數據庫,便於訪問和處理的模型數據和模擬結果。

允許您輕鬆地添加,刪除,編輯層屬性和組使用標準多層鼠標按鈕操作。

配置文件查看

配置文件查看提供了一個圖形表示,堆填區概況,並允許您以圖形的幾何修改層使用標準的'點和點擊'和'拖和下降的業務。

添加,刪除,分割或插入層,或編輯圖層屬性從配置文件查看。

輸出視圖

可以顯示所有的生成的氣象數據和模擬結果採用綜合選擇的圖形表示格式。 顯示的數據可以進行修改,以選擇每天,每週,每月或每年的模擬結果如下參數:

  • 降水,徑流和蒸散
  • 橫向排水收集選定模型層
  • 通過選定漏洩電導滲透或模型層
  • 平均水頭選擇的模型層的累積

設計 /修改一個模型簡介

從項目樹查看
一旦項目信息已輸入,您的項目將出現在項目樹視圖。 此樹視圖,您可以很容易獲得多個項目,多個配置文件,在單個項目中,所有數據與每個配置文件。

環保局的默認配置文件包含一個垃圾填埋層的配置與典型屬性是由美國環保局推薦為出發點,為您的個人資料。 每一層都有一組特定類型的屬性與它相關聯的可接從項目樹如下所示的'粗沙子層的數字。 

配置文件查看
配置文件視圖允許您添加和刪除層,以及查看和編輯屬性與每個層,使用鼠標右鍵。 當您插入或刪除一個層,你可以選擇任何一方固定頂或底部海拔高程/ / N的配置文件。

修改圖層屬性
視覺幫助變得非常簡單改變其性質不同的自然和人工材料在填埋場的設計。只要雙擊其中一個層材料中列出的項目樹出現一個窗口,顯示所有的屬性所選擇的層。

更改層組設置
視覺幫助為您提供的工具組一起相鄰層和修改的功能和/或共同財產這些層在一個單一的操作。 這是非常方便的分配屬性(eg'slope'),以團體的圖層,服務於一個單一的目的(如垃圾填埋場限)。 

創建項目


一般項目信息
每一個新的Visual幫助項目要求你輸入一個獨特的項目名稱,選擇單位(公制或英制),並確定作者和客戶端項目。 一,項目內容領域也可以讓你進入一個詳細的說明跟踪修改或未來的參考。

選擇模型的位置

當您創建一個新的模式配置文件使用Visual HELP或SESOIL,將提示您選擇一個項目的位置,包括經度和緯度項目的位置(大約)。 該項目的位置信息存儲一般項目描述信息,它也可以用來定位的五個最近氣象站。

或者,您可以使用GIS組件以圖形定位項目位置(市)。 您可以從列表中選擇大陸 GIS地圖時使用的選擇
項目的位置。

選擇示範單位

選擇單位模板同時申請輸入參數和輸出的模擬結果。 該股模板描述的單位設置使用的每個參數
模型。 模板的默認單位是習慣(美國單位),但它可以很容易地更改為另一個預先設置的模板,如度量單位,或一個模型的具體單位模板
為 SESOIL和VLEACH。

創建你自己的單位模板定制以滿足您的輸入數據的要求。

SWS的天氣發生器


SWS的天氣發生器的用於創建大氣邊界條件所必需的數據可視化建模協助。

這個數據庫是完全可定制的允許,用戶可以修改現有的數據,或創建新的記錄,以滿足特定地點的天氣狀況。 定制氣象數據可以手工輸入,或從標準輸入諾阿格式。

注: 本SWS的天氣發生器利用天氣生成算法開發的農業研究服務部的美國農業部(USDA)。 在申萬
天氣發生器還包括氣象站數據庫包含編譯美國農業部統計匯總所需的準確數據,重大天氣氣候
車站設在美國。

模擬結果顯示和記錄


在Visual幫助輸出視圖會自動讀取結果文件,並提供了全面的選擇圖形格式顯示結果在各種圖形格式。

時間的關係圖設置

視覺幫助使您能夠報告所有的數據模擬變量每天,每月或每年的價值觀。 結果產生的水文模型,包括由幫助
時間序列資料,例如: 
  • 降水,蒸發和徑流
  • 橫向排水收集選定模型層
  • 滲流 /漏洩電導通過選定模型層
  • 平均水頭值選定模型層 

結果分類列表包含六個不同的數據類型相對應的六個分支輸出樹模型的幫助。 每個分支的樹都有特定的數據屬性:

  1. 日產量為每個地塊的數據模擬參數的每一天選定年(s)(單位長度)
  2. 月產量為每個地塊的數據模擬參數每個月選定年(s)(單位長度)
  3. 每年的總地塊的年度總結每一個模擬參數為每年的模擬(單位的速度,數量或百分比)
  4. 累計積累的結果繪出了模擬參數為每個每年仿真
  5. 蓄水層中的最後結束時的模擬(長度單位)
  6. 表 - 提供所選數據的匯總
視覺幫助提供一個綜合選擇的數據格式,以表示這些陰謀的結果,以最常見的繪圖技術,包括:
  • 多軸線圖
  • 條形圖(水平或垂直,個人或堆疊)
  • 面積圖和餅圖


















MAIN FEATURES

About The HELP Model

The HELP program was developed by the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES), Vicksburg, MS for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory. The primary purpose of the model is to assist in the comparison of landfill design alternatives as judged by their water balances.

Easy-To-Use
The familiar design and functionality of the interface makes it extremely easy to learn and facilitates rapid model development using any of the available models.
New Project Wizard
Creating a model is easy with a step-by-step wizard to guide you through the process.
Project Management
The project-based data management system liberates the user from handling of numerous files for separate projects.
Customizable Units
Choose from pre-defined unit templates or create your own unit template for all model parameters.
Input Data
The Project Tree allows you to quickly view and modify the profile data structure for each model profile, or to easily duplicate the model data files for performing multiple simulations for sensitivity analyses.
Model Profile View
The Profile View provides a graphical display of the geometry, dimensions, layer structure and stratigraphy of the model profile.
Database Links
A customizable database of soil parameters is linked to the various input forms for automatic entry of selected property values.
SWS Weather Generator
The built-in SWS Weather Generator generates up to 100 years of statistically reliable weather data to use as input.
Seamless Integration
Create the model profile(s), run the simulation(s), visualize the results, and create the report documents; all in the same graphical modeling environment.
Presentation of Results
Visual HELP comes with a powerful graphical component for visualizing the simulation results in graphical or tabular format.
Automatic Report Generator
Create a rich text document with tabulated input data, profile graphics, and a display of results.
Teamwork
Visual HELP supports teamwork environments so that project files can be run over a networked system.
Data Sharing
Export recharge data (infiltration rates) from Visual HELP to use as recharge boundary condition data in saturated zone groundwater models such as Visual MODFLOW.
Tutorials
Visual HELP comes with two step-by-step tutorials covering one example of modeling landfill hydrology and one example of estimating groundwater recharge at a site.

VISUAL HELP INTERFACE


The interface is divided into three separate views, the Project Data Tree, the Profile View, and the Output View. When you open or create a project, you will be able to seamlessly switch between these views to build or modify the landfill design and model input parameters, run the simulations, and display results.

The Project Tree View

Displays the Visual HELP project you are working on, the names of each model profile, and each layer in the active model profile. 

Acts as a project manager allowing you to easily create and manage multiple model profiles within the same Visual HELP project. All model profiles for a project are saved in the same database for easy access and handling of the model data and simulation results.

Allows you to easily add, delete, edit layer properties and group multiple layers using standard right mouse button operations.

The Profile View

The Profile View provides a graphical representation of the landfill profile and allows you to graphically modify the layer geometry using standard 'point-and-click' and 'drag-and-drop' operations.

Add, delete, split or insert layers, or edit layer properties from the Profile View.

The Output View

Allows you to display all of the generated weather data and modeling results using a comprehensive selection of graphical presentation formats. The display of data can be modified to choose daily, weekly, monthly or yearly results for the following simulated parameters:

  • Precipitation, runoff and evapotranspiration
  • Lateral drainage collected from selected model layers
  • Percolation or leakance through selected model layers
  • Average head accumulated on selected model layers

Designing/Modifying a Model Profile

From the Project Tree View
Once the project information has been entered, your project will appear in the Project Tree View. This tree view allows you to have easy access to multiple projects, multiple profiles within a single project, and all data associated with each profile.

The default EPA profile contains a landfill layer configuration with typical properties that are recommended by the EPA as a starting point for your profile. Each layer type has a specific set of properties associated with it which can be accessed from the Project Tree as shown for the 'coarse sand' layer in the figure. 

The Profile View
The Profile View allows you to add and delete layers, and view and edit the properties associated with each layer using the right mouse button. When you insert or delete a layer, you have the option of either fixing the top elevation or the bottom elevation//n of the profile.

Modifying Layer Properties
Visual HELP makes it simple to change the properties of different natural and artificial materials used in landfill design. Simply double-click on one of the layer materials listed in the Project Tree and a window appears displays all of the properties of the selected layer.

Changing Layer Group Settings
Visual HELP provides you with the tools to group adjacent layers together and modify the function and/or common properties of these layers in a single operation. This is very convenient for assigning properties (e.g.'slope') to groups of layers that serve a single purpose (such as a landfill cap). 

CREATING A PROJECT


General Project Information
Each new Visual HELP project requires you to enter a unique project name, select the units (metric or english), and identify the author and the client for the project. A Project Description field also lets you enter a detailed description for tracking changes or for future references.

Selecting the Model Location

When you create a new model profile using either Visual HELP or SESOIL, you will be prompted to select a project location, including the longitude and latitude of the project location (approximate). The project location information is stored for general project description information and it is also used to locate the five nearest weather stations.

Alternatively, you can use the GIS component to graphically locate the project location (city). You can select from a list of continental GIS maps to use when selecting the
project location.

Selecting the Model Units

Select the Unit Template to apply for both the input parameters and the Output of modeling results. The Unit Template describes the unit settings for each parameter used in the
model. The default unit template is Customary (American units) but it can easily be changed to another pre-set unit template such as Metric, or to a model-specific unit template
for SESOIL and VLEACH.

Create your own unit template customized to fit your input data requirements.

SWS WEATHER GENERATOR


The SWS Weather Generator is used to create the atmospheric boundary condition data required by the Visual HELP model.

This database is fully customizable allowing, the user to modify existing data or create new records to accommodate site specific weather conditions. Customized weather data can be entered manually, or imported from standard NOAA format.

Note: The SWS Weather Generator utilizes the weather generation algorithm developed by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The SWS
Weather Generator also includes the weather station database compiled by USDA containing statistically accurate summaries of the required climatological data for major weather
stations located within the U.S..

DISPLAYING & DOCUMENTING MODELING RESULTS


The Visual HELP Output View automatically reads the results files and provides a comprehensive selection of graphical formats for displaying the results in a variety of graphical formats.

Time Plot Settings

Visual HELP gives you the ability to report the data for all simulated variables daily, monthly, or annual values. The hydrological results generated by the HELP model include
time series information such as: 
  • Precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff
  • Lateral drainage collected from selected model layers
  • Percolation/Leakance through selected model layers
  • Average head values in selected model layers 

The Result Category list contains six different data types corresponding to the six branches of the HELP Model Output Tree. Each branch of the tree has specific data attributes:

  1. Daily Output plots the data for each simulated parameter for each day of a selected year(s) (units of length)
  2. Monthly Output plots data for each simulated parameter for each month of a selected year(s) (units of length)
  3. Annual Total plots the annual summary for each simulated parameter for each year of the simulation (units of rate, volume or percentage)
  4. Accumulated plots the accumulated results for each simulated parameter for each year of the simulation
  5. Final water storage in Layers at the end of the simulation (units of length)
  6. Tables - provides a summary of the selected data
Visual HELP provides a comprehensive selection of data plotting formats to represent these results using most common plotting techniques including:
  • Multi-axes Line Graphs
  • Bar charts (horizontal or vertical, individual or stacked)
  • Area Graphs and Pie Charts